Granaries are buildings typical of farm homesteads and in the past they were used for storing grain and meat products. The oldest preserved granaries in the Meža Valley date back to the 17th century. Majority of the still preserved granaries have three rooms intended for storing crops: the basement, the ground-floor cell and the first-floor cell. The masonry basement (intended for storing cider (“mošt”) and crops) with an arched or wooden ceiling is in most cases dug into the side of a hill. Utilisation of the basement is also clearly discernible from the location of the wooden press (“preša”), which is often leaned up against the outer wall of the granary, protected by the protruding roof.
Through the door – representing the point where the outer world meets intimacy of family life – we enter the ground-floor room of the granary, where we can see wooden drawers for grain (“košti”) located alongside walls made of trimmed logs.
For constant temperature and humidity to be preserved in the granary (for drying meat products) the ground-floor cell has neatly carved air vents. Access is possible from both the interior and exterior staircase. The exterior stairs lead from the lower to the upper roofed balcony (“gank”), whereas with the interior stairs split the ground floor cell into two parts, from where access to the first floor cell is possible. Transition from the ground- to the first-floor cell is visible also due to a mezzanine stair (“konzolni zamik”), which – in addition to the cornerconnections, doors and the roofed balcony – represents the most decorative element of the granary. First-floor cells are built as a loft and are trapezoid or triangular in shape. Due to this type of structuring the roof does not require a special construction, except where the so-called “čop” (triangular ending of the roof ridge) is formed. Roofing constructed of trimmed logs with a triangularly shaped front wall is one of the oldest preserved in the entire European area. Most granaries have ornamented and accentuated doors, air vents, mezzanine stairs, log connections and roofed balconies, while carved crosses on the doors represent a mystical plea for the harvest’s safekeeping.
With its form and decorative elements the 19th century Krauper granary represented an integral part of the Krauper homestead in Preški Vrh until 1961. Then it became an exhibit in the open-air museum next to Ravne Castle for nearly fifty years, and in 2010 the granary was moved to the edge of the Prežihov Voranc cottage’s backyard in Preški Vrh. The Krauper granary is a wooden, two-storey building with a basement and a typical roofed balcony on the ground floor. Access to the first-floor cell is possible from the interior staircase. Under the jutting roof a fruit press (“preša”) is leaned up against the outer western wall of the granary.
Contact: +386 2 62 12 520 (reception), +386 2 62 12 564 (museum office)
Open: free access
Location: Preški vrh 13, Kotlje